War Museums

4. The fourth focus of our study is the exhibition in Oskar Schindler’s Factory in Kraków, Poland entitled ‘Kraków under Nazi Occupation 1939–1945’. The exhibition – a branch of the Kraków City Museum – is also situated on an historic site, the former Enemel factory owned during World War II by Oskar Schindler and well known from Steven Spielberg’s film Schindler’s List. It was opened in 2010 as a response to the growing touristic interest in this site. However the exhibition focuses not solely on the history of Oskar Schindler and the people he rescued but it tells the fate of Kraków’s Polish and Jewish inhabitants under German occupation, allowing for a more multi-perspectivist approach to history. This is the first such museum in Poland which tries to combine both the Jewish and Polish war experience in one narrative. The exhibition focuses not only on the occupational terror but also on everyday life in Kraków during the war. The museum has around 240,000 visitors per year.